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We have always been taught that lakes are blue or some version of blue, green or brown….but Pink? But nature likes to play games some time with us and creates oddities just like Lake Hillier in Western Australia.


Lake Hillier delights your eye with its pink colour. Moreover, it lies just next to the Pacific Ocean, thus if you watch it from above, the contrast between the mellow pink of the lake and the blue of the ocean is striking.


The reason of its unique colour is still a topic that is not fully understood by scientists, although most suspect it has to do with the presence of the Dunaliella salina microalgae. The Dunaliella produces carotenoids, a pigment found in carrots as well. But the presence of halophilic bacteria in the salt crusts could be another explanation. A reaction between the salt and the sodium bicarbonate that is found in the water may cause it as well.


The Hillier Lake was first discovered in 1802 by navigator and cartographer Matthew Flinders who took samples from the lake and mentioned its existence in his journal.

The lake is located on Middle Island, off the coast of Western Australia. As noted above, the Hillier Lake is quite small, its length is 600 meters and its width is no more than 250 meters. It is surrounded by eucalyptus and paperback trees and the ocean on its northern part.

The water of the lake is otherwise clear and it causes no harm to the human skin and the Dunaliella salina alga is completely harmless as well. In fact, swimming in the lake’s water is safe and fun but impossible to do for normal tourists as the lake can’t be visited.


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Updated: Dec 4, 2020


In the valley of the Yokoyu River lies the Jigokudani Monkey Park, a mountainous area well known for its steaming mists and bubbling waters that erupt out of the frozen ground. Loads of Macaques gather around the hot springs…. Bathing, playing and meeting friends. They even entertain themselves by making snowballs and having snowball fights between themselves!!

Because of the high altitude of the springs, the area is covered in a thick snow four months a year, when you can take the best pictures, but the monkeys bathe all year round, and the area is quite beautiful in summer and autumn.

But remember…..monkey etiquette. Don't feed them, poke them, pet them, tease them, or toss snowballs at them. Don't bare your teeth at them (especially the big males), and whatever you do, don't join them in the water.

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Can you believe the Mayan people built the Tikal Ruins during the ca 200 to 900 AD period in Guatemala? At its peak about 1,500 years ago, Tikal was home to about 100,000 Maya!

Tikal is a great place to visit if you want to see one of the most famous ruined cities of the Classic Period of the Maya. It is located in north central Petén, Guatemala, about 50 miles northwest of the border with Belize. Tikal is the largest and probably the oldest of the Maya cities. In a high canopy jungle, the site has 3,000 buildings, including several tall temples that rise above the trees. It consists of nine groups of courts and plazas built on hilly land above surrounding swamps (which may have been lakes in former times) and interconnected by bridges and causeways. The main civic and religious center of the city covers about 500 acres. Between 600 AD and 800 AD, the great Maya centers of the southern lowlands fell into ruin – they don’t know the exact reason but have many ideas. Many theories have tried to explain this disruption, including over-population, extensive warfare, revolt of the farmer/laborer class, or any number of devastating natural disasters. Whatever the reason, it ended up wiping out most of the population.

The ancient Maya were not empire builders, like many other Indian populations. Instead, they formed independent commonwealths. Their common culture, calendar, architecture, mythology and spiritual view of the world united them as Maya - True People.


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